The Mango Map of India - A Sweet Journey Across States

The Mango Map of India - A Sweet Journey Across States

Sometimes sweet, sometimes tangy, always juicy - mango is the flavour of our childhood. All of us have fond memories of good times spent with friends, family, and India’s favourite fruit. From the first batch of mangoes that arrive in early summer nestled in hay, kept aside to ripen, to hurling stones at the neighbour's fruit-laden tree and then hurriedly escaping the auntie who is chasing you, all of us have memories that revolve around mangoes. 


This golden, luscious fruit is an intrinsic part of Indian culture, art, literature, poetry and especially cuisine. With more than 1500 varieties, India has the most diverse assortment of mangoes in the world. Each is known for its different flavours, shades, shape and textures, and it all depends on the soil, weather and region! India, with its diverse eco-geographical landscape, boasts of a wide variety of mangoes. 

 


Let’s take a look at Indian Mangoes and their traits.

Uttar Pradesh 

Known for producing the largest amount of mangoes, this region boasts some of the most delicious varieties of all time. There are 14 mango belts in Uttar Pradesh alone. The land of Nawabs, Lucknow and its adjoining towns like Malihabad is also known as the Mango Belt of India. Malihabad is the largest of them all with 30,000 hectares of land reserved for growing mangoes. The most prominent mangoes in the state are - 

Langra

Also known as Banarasi langra, is a mango primarily cultivated in Varanasi, or Banaras, the mango hotspot, these mangoes are available in the months of June and July and are known for their distinctive lemon-yellow colour and a tangy yet sweet taste. They are fibrous and come in medium to large sizes. 

 

Chausa 

Hardoi and the adjoining regions are famous for their variety called ‘Chausa’. These mangoes are not meant to be eaten but rather they’re consumed by ‘sucking’. The Chausa comes later in the mango season, usually in July, long after the other varieties are no longer available. They have a dark yellowish flesh that is simultaneously sweet,  juicy and fragrant, with no fibre and no sourness.

 

Dussehri

Grown in similar regions as Chausa, Dussehri mangoes are available from mid-May to late August. These mangoes are easily distinguishable with their thin seeds, rich, creamy, delicate, non-fibrous and juicy pulp. The fruit is named after the Dashehri village near Malihabad in Uttar Pradesh. Folklore has it that the Dussehri Mango originated from the 200-year-old mother tree which still exists in Kakori. Some even say it is 300 years old!  

 

Mallika

Mallika is the result of the hybridization of Indian varieties for ‘Dussehri’ and ‘Neelum’. The fruit has prominent citrus, melon and honey notes. It has a distinct shape and is fibrous. If ripened naturally, it can give its more illustrious counterparts such as the Alphonso and Dussehri a run for their money.  


 


Maharashtra 

Maharashtra is known as the largest mango state in the country and accounts for more than 80% of total exports. There are more than 200 mango varieties that can be found in the western ghats of Maharashtra. But interestingly it is one of the only places in India that contains a geographical indication tag for 2 really famous alphonso varieties grown in Devgad and Ratnagiri.


Devgad Alphonso Mango

Devgad is a small district with a total of 98 villages where mango production spans over 45,000 hectares. Mangoes grown here are characterised by their distinct aroma, smooth exterior and thick saffron pulp. Widely known as one of the best varieties in the world, Devgad mangoes are larger in size than Ratnagiri mangoes and have thicker skin which does not wrinkle easily. The season for Ratnagiri mangoes starts in early April and can easily last till mid–May. As for Devgad mangoes, the season starts in mid-April and lasts till the end of May.

Check out Devgad mangoes 

 


Ratnagiri Alphonso

Ratnagiri Alphonso has a delicate skin which shrinks a little when when the fruit is ripe. One of the most popular mangoes with its own geographical indication tag Ratnagiri develops its flavour early in the ripening process and then fine-tunes it as it ripens. So even a not-so-ripe Ratnagiri Alphonso will still taste good. The shades of saffron shine throughout giving it a distinct taste and texture. The Alphonso is one that has struck a chord with almost everyone in India, this speciality from the Konkan coast drives people around the world to consume it. They come in three sizes- Small, Regular and King, and the taste and texture are enhanced according to size, where the king-sized is considered the most optimum of them all.

Buy king size Ratnagiri


 



Karnataka  

The southern states display a distinct relationship with mangoes. From chutneys to pickles and curries, the list goes on and on. Mangoes in southern parts of India also boast unique aroma, flavour and texture. Karnataka, being among the top mango producing southern states, is known for its diverse varieties, some grown exclusively in the state’s mango belts. The south belt, including Kolar, Ramanagara, and Tumakuru harvests Alphonso, Totapuri, Sindhoora, Banganapalli and others. The north belt with Belagavi, Dharwad and Haveri grows Alphonso exclusively and the central belt with parts of Chitradurga, Davanagere, Chikkamagaluru, Shivamogga and Hassan that harvest a variety of mangoes including Raspuri, Imam Pasand and Mallika amongst others.



Badami

Popularly known as Alphonso of Karnataka, Badami is an exquisite mango which is similar to Alphonso. Usually available during June & July, The fruit has pale yellow, thin skin through which it is easy to detect the softness of the flesh. The flesh itself is an attractive yellow/orange colour and almost totally fibreless. One bite from its delicious pulp bursts into all-things-yum.



Totapuri 

Native to southern parts of India, Totapuri derives its name from the look it wears! Thick and green in colour, it’s got a pointed end that resembles the beak of a parrot (‘Tota’ in Hindi). They can be enjoyed raw accompanied by salt and chilli, and they go on to ripen into a deliciously tangy-sweet mango. Totapuri is also used widely for pickles! The fruit is elusive: you will only find it in the market for two months of the year, May and June. Grown only in the southern parts of the country like Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu, this fruit is typically slender and measures about 6-8 inches long. 



Sindoori/Sindhoora 

Also called Rajgira in Karnataka and Honey Mango because of its rich sweetness and flavour. The name Sindhura came due to the brilliant shade of red which resembles Sindoor or vermillion. It is a great option for making juices and shakes owing to its juicy texture. The mangoes are small, round-shaped, and weigh between 100 and 200 gms. Due to the rich sweet flavour, it is one of the most popular varieties right next to Alphonso and can be held in one hand and eaten without slicing it. One of the most enjoyed and popular varieties of mango is right next to Alphonso. (link)



Imam Pasand 

This mango is also known as Himayat or Humayun Pasand. The name origin of Imam Pasand is from Urdu which translates as Imam’s Favourite. Imam Pasand has a fibreless, buttery, soft pulp within a  thin peel, which makes every bite a juicy treat.  It is available only during the months of May and June and each mango could grow up to 800 grams in weight. This mango can also be consumed with its skin. It is ideal for shrikhand and phirni and is native to Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. (link)

 

Banganapalli

Banganapalli or Banaganapalle received its name after being widely cultivated in and around the Banganapalli area of Andhra Pradesh as well as Karnataka. It is also known as Safeda, Benishan and Chappatai in different parts of India. Another popular mango variant with a geographical tag, this mango is known for its obliquely oval shape and its golden yellow skin when it ripens. A ripe banganpalli can be kept for 7 days without refrigeration and this shelf-life makes the mango favourite for exporters. With its pleasant aroma, thin, blemish-free skin and fibre-free sweet yellow pulp, the Banganapalli is an ideal choice for those who don't like fibrous textures in their fruit.

 

Raspuri  

Also called Peddasrasalu, Raspuri is Karnataka's tribute to the wide array of mango cultivators throughout the country. They are grown in the southern part of Karnataka, in and around Bengaluru, Ramanagara, Kolar, Chikkaballapura, and Tumakuru. They have an oval shape, are juicy in texture and have excellent flavour. They arrive early at the market as compared to other varieties during the months of May and will usually be available until the end of June. 




At Living Food, we source the highest quality mangoes that are sustainably grown and naturally ripened. Not only do we send the finest mangoes right to your doorstep, anywhere in India, we also create some premium, delicious mango dishes like - Mango Salsa, Mango Shrikhand, Mango Pudding, Mango Phirni, Mango Falahaar, Raw Mango Chutney & more  so that you get to enjoy the best that this beautiful fruit has to offer. 

 

So enjoy this summer with mangoes procured from the finest farms with the sincere aim of showcasing the freshest, sustainable and flavourful produce. We at Living Food look forward to showcasing the beauty of India with its most beloved fruit. These mangoes share a story of their own with their unique tastes and textures. Try them all with your family and friends and comment below on how good the experience was!




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